World War II military casualties of the Soviet Union make 6,8 million killed soldiers and 4,4 million of missing and prisoners of war. Totally 11.2 million permanentlosses in Armed forces of the USSR. This data was published in 1993 and later updated in 2001 in accordance with the official research performed by the group of Russian military historians under the supervision of Grigoriy Krivosheyev, retired Colonel General of Russian military and military historian The total demographic losses of the USSR made 26,6 million people.
The Red Army took much higher casualties than any other military force participated in World War II. There were catastrophic losses of men and equipment during the first months of the German invasion, as well as considerable civilian casualties. The major losses took place in the beginning of war due to strategic surprise of German army, USSR Armed forces mobilization and expansion holdoff right before "operation Barbarossa" realization. Other causes that led to tremendous casualties were lack of commanders due to the quick growth of the Red Army and insufficient experience of junior command personnel and men, massive use of weaponry against Russian infantry, concentration of Russian weaponry on the borders of the USSR, low information support of the Russian army and therefore bad communication among the branches of the army service.
No other country that took part in WWII suffered such dramatic losses as
Around 45%5 of the territory of the USSR was occupied by the Nazis. It is the area where 88 million people had lived and that provided 1/3 of the country gross production. The extensive fighting destroyed estimated 60 % agricultural land, infrastructure, and whole towns, leaving much of the population homeless and without food.
5 million people were shipped to Germany POW camps and hard labour. 5,7 million Soviet people were kept in German captivity. The death rate of Soviet prisoners of war was very high.
The material losses were even more significant. The USSR lost 70% of its national wealth. Hundreds cities were completely destroyed; around 70.000 settlements including villages were totally burnt out along with the local population. Around 32.000 enterprises were buried in ruins. 65.000 km of railroad was totally bombed out, 98.000 collective farms, 1876 state farms, 2890 trucks and tractors stations were plundered and demolished. The agriculture lost 60% of it's before war production.
Plundering and destruction of the USSR cultural values was the part of Nazis sate policy towards "eastern territories". German air force performed around 20.000 bombing of rail roads. 243.000 of non-fragmentation bomb and fragmentation bombs and 120.000 flame bombs were dropped on the USSR territory.
In the Battle of Stalingrad (17 July 1942 and 2 February 1943,) that was a major and the bloodiest battle of World War II. Red Army suffered a total of 1,129,619 total casualties; 478,741 men killed or missing and 650,878 wounded. These numbers are for the whole Stalingrad Area; in the city itself 750,000 people were killed, captured, or wounded. More than 40,000 Soviet civilians died in Stalingrad and its suburbs during a single week of aerial bombing as the German Fourth Panzer and Sixth armies approached the city; the total number of civilians were killed in the regions outside the city is unknown.
Speaking about the Battle of Moscow (October 1941 - January 1942) total casualties between September 30, 1941, and January 7 are between 650,000 and 1,280,000 for the Red Army.
the siege of Leningrad (St-Petersburg) lasted for a total of 900 days, from
September 8 1941 until January 27 1944. The city's almost 3 million
civilians (including about 400,000 children) refused to surrender and
endured rapidly increasing hardships in the encircled city. In just two months, January and February of 1942, 200,000 people died
in Leningrad of cold and starvation. Several hundred thousand people were
evacuated from the city across the Ladoga lake via the famous "Road of Life"
At least 641,000 people had died in Leningrad during the Siege (some estimates put this figure closer to 800,000). Most of them were buried in mass graves in different cemeteries, with the majority in the Piskariovskoye Memorial Cemetery, resting place to over 500,000 people and a timeless reminder of the heroic deeds of the city.
The Siege of Sevastopol (30 October 1941 to 4 July 1942) ended by almost
total destruction of the city. Fascists entered Sevastopol on 3 July 1942
vandalized and terrorized the population for 22 days. 3 thousand Russian
women and children were liquidated in Inkerman underground galleries
("Inkermanskaya balka"). 400
workers were killed in Troitsk tunnel ("Troitskaya balka"). On 12 July occupants
got together the remaining 1500 citizens of Sevastopol, robbed and humiliated
them and then shot out.
During the siege of Sevastopol around 200.000 citizens were killed by the enemy, burred alive, drowned in the sea, went missing and shipped to Germany POW camps.
Belarus suffered considerable losses as well. 209 cities including Minks laid in ashes, 200 settlements, 1039 enterprises and all power stations were destroyed. Estimated 2 million people were killed or buried alive, 628 villages were buried to ashes.
21 villages were buried in Lithuania.
195 thousand people were killed in Babi Yar, near Kiev (Ukraine).
These and other bloody facts and figures must not to go into oblivion. WWII left a deep scar on this country and tragically affected lives of several generations.
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